Pregnant women have slightly different dental needs than other adult patients. Since the future moms’ metabolism and hormonal system is entirely devoted to growing a new human being, there are many specifities in pregnancy dentistry. For example, no x-rays can be performed during pregnancy and many medications, including some anesthetics is also prohibited.
Elective treatments, such as teeth whitening and other cosmetic procedures, should be postponed until after the birth. Generally, it is best to avoid this dental work while pregnant and avoid exposing the developing baby to any risks, even if they are minimal. However, preventive dental cleanings and annual exams during pregnancy are not only safe, but are recommended. The rise in hormone levels during pregnancy causes the gums to swell, bleed, and trap food causing increased irritation to the gums. All those states need to be treated before they cause severe problems.
Second trimester is best for performing dental procedures, and during that time all the dental work which removes infections or potential infection from the dental system are welcomed. Some infections, such as gum disease, are known to be linked to preterm birth.